TEST EDIT. R. JESSUP 4/20/2018

There are many types of warm season turfgrasses and picking which one is best for what you want from your lawn, golf course, park, or other type of field can be tough. This page is here to educate on the variety of warm season turf species out there and the conditions that they grow best in.
St. Augustinegrass
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St. Augustinegrass the the turf chosen most for lawns throughout most of the southern United States. Especially in coastal regions where cold temperature extremes are moderated by oceanic climatic conditions. St. Augustinegrass is native to the Caribbean, Africa and Mediterranean regions, and best adapted to subtropical climates. Good for coastal regions, thrives in heat, but does poorly in cool climates. It proves to be excellent to fair under drought conditions. Also it is moderately good under heavy foot traffic. Somewhat shade tolerant. Can be used in moist, semi-fertile soils. At the moment, most common installation method is sodding or plugs; seeds are very difficult to obtain if not impossible.
More on St. Augustinegrass



Bermudagrass
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Bermudagrass is a warm season perennial grass with good drought tolerance, but poor shade tolerance. Bermudagrass is a very widely used turf species in sports fields, parks, and golf courses. Good heat tolerance and a rapid rate of regrowth make bermudagrass the sports turfgrass for the south. Bermudagrass is widely used for commercial landscapes where shade is not a factor. There are many different hybridizations of Bermudagrass which is one reason contributing to why it is such a widely used turfgrass. Not everything about Bermudagrass is good however, it is a very aggressive turf and can easily invade flowerbeds and other spaces where it is not desired.For more on Bermudagrass click here.



Zoysiagrasses
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Zoysiagrass is extremely drought tolerant. Although it does discolor under severe drought conditions, it has the capacity to respond to subsequent irrigation or rainfall. The leaf blades of Zoysiagrass are among the first to roll under drought conditions, this is whyit tends to conserve moisture more effectively than other species. Zoysiagrass also has a deep root system allowing it to more effectively extract water from greater soil depths. All these factors make Zoysiagrass extremely drought tolerant, it is also very cold tolerant. For more on Zoysiagrass.


Seashore Paspalum
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Seashore Paspalum is a perennial turfgrass that comes form tropical and coastal regions worldwide. There is some diversity in the species it both course- textured and smooth-textured types which make it useful in many different areas. Seashore Paspalum is one of the most slat tolerant warm season turfgrasses. Therefore this specialty grass is sometimes used in warm-season areas where either the soil or irrigation water has a high salt content. It does well near the ocean where it is subject to saltwater.To learn more about Seashore Paspalum click here.



Bahiagrass
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Warm season grass, resistant to drought, disease and insect attacks. This turf has a good salt tolerance from both soil and water, and will survive in a variety of soils from sandy to clay and other infertile, dry soils. Requires some maintenance. The grass will thin out over time and has a low tolerance to many weed control herbicides. Used extensively in lawns along coastal areas in Florida. Vigorous growing habit requires frequent mowing during hot weather. It has a coarse blade and is not suitable for soils with high a pH. For more on bahiagrass click here.


Centipedegrass

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Centipede Grass is originally from China and is low, medium textured, slow growing, but aggressive grass that can produce a dense, attractive, weed-free turf. It is more shade tolerant than bermudagrass but less shade tolerant than St. Augustine and zoysiagrass. Probably the best factor of this turf is its ability to survey in and even thrive in acidic and poor soils. Since centipede produces only surface runners, it is easily controlled around borders of flower beds and walks. Centipedegrass ranks between Bermudagrass and St. Augustinegrass in leaf width, shoot density, and stem size. For more on Centipede Grass click here.


Buffalograss
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Buffalograss is a perennial grass native to the Great Plains from Montana to Mexico. Buffalograss is, perhaps, our only truly native turfgrass in North America. Its tolerance to prolonged droughts and to extreme temperatures together with its seed producing characteristics enables Buffalograss to survive extreme environmental conditions. It doesn't do so great in regions with heavy traffic and gets easily overgrazed by livestock and wildlife. Buffalograss spreads by surface runners, or stolons, and seed. It's a fine textured turf with blue-green color tint to it, it is especially good for lawns that want to stick out of the norm. It does not have rhizomes, and is a grass that has both a male and female species. Roadsides, school grounds, parks, open lawn areas, golf course roughs and cemeteries are good sites for Buffalograss in most of Texas. It is an ideal grass for those trying to achieve a "native" landscape. For more on Buffalograss click here.


Blue Grama
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is a North American native grass that is well suited to the northern plains. Like Bermuda grass, it grows best in summer and is drought tolerant. But unlike Bermuda grass, it is very cold hardy and able to survive a North Dakota winter. Blue grama spreads slightly, but ultimately produces a clumpy, uneven lawn. Mowing it 3 or 4 times a year will make it more lawn like. It is a very low maintenance turf and works best when it is planted as a mixture with other turfgrasses.


References



http://csuturf.colostate.edu/pdffiles/Blue%20Grama%20Lawns.pdf

http://www.american-lawns.com/grasses/warm_season_grasses.html

http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/



Author: JRODR-10C