Turf grass is used in many different types of ways, whether it is lawns, parks, amusement parks, and many more recreational areas. But the main focus of my paper will be on the different types of turf grasses used on golf courses and athletic sports fields in certain areas of the United States and around the World. These are some of the most beautiful and amazing sites people get to visit and fans are so distracted by the sporting event surrounding them that they don't even realize the beauty of what is actually right beneath their feet.

Golf courses are among the leading consumers of turf grass in the turf grass industry. Each and every day people not just professional athletes are setting out to go play a round of golf on several different types of turf grass. Such as in Florida where nearly all the putting greens are made of bermuda grass to Texas where nearly half of the putting greens are made from bent grass and half bermuda grass and on to Hawaii were nearly all putting greens are made with Bent grass. Because bent grass is dominant wherever temperatures are moderate to cool and Bermuda grass is the preferred type in tropical climates. Bent grass however is mostly preferred by some of the PGA courses.

One of the most amazing and most exclusive golf courses in the world Augusta National Golf Course in Augusta, Georgia it is accommodated with fairways made of bermuda grass with greens made with bent grass.
external image 498871739_fa5942dabc_z.jpg
To view The Masters at Augusta Click Here
Another special golf course is located in Pebble Beach, California it uses Winter Rye turf grass for its fairways and Pao Annua turf grass for its greens. It is among the most beautiful golf resorts in the world and although it finds itself as a location for major tournaments in the PGA it open to the public to enjoy.

external image 1036_spt_1036_spt_pebble_beach2.jpg
For More Information about Pebble Beach Click Here

Although it may not be on the PGA tour or even on the top golf courses in the United States it is a little closer to home right here in College Station/Bryan Texas it is the Traditions Golf Course. It is ranked one of the best courses in Texas and Designed by Jack Nicklaus. It too is a magnificent place to see although you might not even of known such a place was so close. It contains greens consisting of Bermuda grass, because it is the most preferred type of grass in our climate.

external image traditionsclub.jpg
To see more on Traditions Golf Course

Bermuda grass is a warm season perennial grass with good drought tolerance, but poor shade tolerance. Good heat tolerance and a rapid rate of regrowth make bermudagrass the sports turf grass for the south.

Bent grass is a perennial cool season grass and is adapted to cool, humid environments such as those found in the northeastern United States. The only use of Bent grass in the South is for golf greens where small acreage allows for intense management.

Zoysia grasses have a dense, thick, carpet-like coverage which makes this grass an ideal lawn, sports field cover (except football and soccer), and golf course fairway grass. Baseball fields, bowling greens or any medium to light impact sport is adapted for the use of Zoysia grasses. Even some football fields use Zoysia, but its slow recovery time makes it not a high use grass in this sport.

Kentucky bluegrass is considered the best turf grass for sports fields in the temperate climate zones of the United States. The establishment of Kentucky bluegrass from seed is relatively slow; as a result, Kentucky bluegrass turf is frequently established with sod. Improved varieties of Kentucky bluegrass can produce a hardy, persistent, and attractive turf. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and its extensive rhizomes provide excellent survival and recuperative potential, making it a popular choice for sports fields prone to wear damage.

Seashore Paspalum is native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America. In the United States, seashore paspalum is found along coastal regions from Texas to Florida and North Carolina southward. Seashore paspalum is a very salt tolerant warm-season grass with desirable turfgrass characteristics. This specialty grass is sometimes used in warm-season areas where either the soil or irrigation water has a high salt content. It does well near the ocean where it is subject to saltwater. It is used on fairways on the golf courses where this type of climate tends to be.

Ryegrasses are best adapted to moist, cool environments where temperatures are not extreme in the winter or summer. In the United States, the northeastern and northwestern states are well suited to ryegrass. In the southern states, ryegrasses have become very popular for over seeding athletic fields, golf courses and lawns during winter months. Perennial ryegrasses have a greater cold tolerance, wear tolerance, disease resistance and persistence than the older types.

Although artificial turf is not turf grass it is however now being used for a lot for sporting events. I believe this takes away from the natural beauty of the game believe we should try to preserve with continuing using turf grass. Kyle field for example has changed from turfgrass to artificial turf and now is back to turfgrass and no one can say this is not one of the most amazing football fields in College Football in the United States.
external image KyleField_USA_wallpaper_1024x768.jpg

Although turf grass isn’t the most important or most exciting thing on the field when enjoying a sporting event, it is a very unique and special attribute of the game being played. If you ever take the time to look around or even while watching on the big screen at home and look at the surroundings of what these athletes are playing on, it is a magnificent site to see these golf courses/sports fields in such great shape. And to ultimately think of how much time and effort went into the preparations these events.

Author: ADUNC--10C